The conformity of anthropometric measurements of bathroom and bedroom designs for independent elderly at Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha (PSTW)* Budi Mulia I Jakarta in 2018
Keywords:Anthropometric, Bathroom, Bedroom, Elderly’s design, Wardrobe
AbstractNowadays, most of the facilities that are available for the elderly are no different from those available for most adults, although they already have different levels of capacity and limitation. In average, the elderly go through 1 cm anthropometric size decrease per decade. This study is a descriptive study with quantitative approach conducted in elderly care owned by local government, which is aimed to find out the conformity between the anthropometric size and the dimension of the facilities available in bathrooms and bedrooms. This research focuses on Catelya House for women and Edelweiss House for men. It is found that the beds, wardrobes, and toilet facilities are still not in conformity with the anthropometric of elderly. The heights of 3 different bed designs in 2 houses are not proportional. Most of the wardrobes shelves are not proportional with the elbow height of elderly, as they are either too high or too low for the elderly. But the bathrooms design in Catelya and Edelweiss is quite proportional. Only the handrails in Edelweiss house are too far for elderly, which requires it to be redesigned in order to minimize the safety and health risks to the elderly.
American Library Association, Americans with Disabilities Act Assembly. (2001). Library services for people with disabilities policy. Retrieved from http://www.ala.org/ascla/resources/libraryservices
Anderson, E., DeBold, V., Featherstone, D., Gunther, L., Jacobs, D., Jensen-Inman, L., … Walter, A. (2010). Interact with web standards: A holistic approach to web design. Berkeley, CA: New Riders.
Caldwell, R. (2006). Web accessibility, e-learning, and academic libraries. International Journal of Public Information Systems, 2006, 1-9. Retrieved from http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:389637/FULLTEXT01.pdf
Carlson, L. L. (2017). Higher ed accessibility lawsuits, complaints, and settlements. Retrieved from http://www.d.umn.edu/~lcarlson/atteam/lawsuits.html
Centre for Excellence in Universal Design. (2014). The 7 principles. Retrieved from http://universaldesign.ie/What-is-Universal-Design/The-7-Principles/
Comeaux, D., & Schmetzke, A. (2013). Accessibility of academic library web sites in North America. Library Hi Tech, 31, 8–33. DOI: 10.1108/07378831311303903
Cunningham, K. (2012). Accessibility handbook. Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly.
DeMaine, S. D. (2014). From disability to usability in online instruction. Law Library Journal, 106, 531–562.
Educause. (2017). Badging. Retrieved from https://www.educause.edu/badging
Fadel, L. M., Kuntz, V. H., Ulbricht, V. R., & Batista, C. R. (2016). Information and universal design in online courses. In A. Marcus (Ed.), Design, user experience, and usability: Technological contexts (Vol. 9747, pp. 167-177). Basel, Switzerland: Springer. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-40355-7_16
Green, R. A., & Huprich, J. (2009). Web accessibility and accessibility instruction. Journal of Access Services, 6, 116–136. DOI: 10.1080/15367960802247825
Horton, S., & Quesenbery, W. (2013). A web for everyone: Designing accessible user experiences. Brooklyn, NY: Rosenfeld Media.
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Standards and Guidelines, 82 Fed. Reg. 5790 (January 18, 2017) (to be codified at 36 C.F.R. pts. 1193, & 1194).
Kelly, B., Sloan, D. Brown, S., Seale, J., Lauke, P., Ball, S., & Smith, S. (2009). Accessibility 2.0: Next steps for web accessibility. Journal of Access Services, 6, 265-294. DOI: 10.1080/15367960802301028
Lush, B. (2015). Managing accessible library web content. In B. Wentz, P. T. Jaeger, & J. C. Bertot (Eds.), Accessibility for persons with disabilities and the inclusive future of libraries (Vol. 40, pp. 169–189). Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited. DOI: 10.1108/S0065-283020150000040017
Power, C., Freire, A. P., Petrie, H., & Swallow, D. (2012). Guidelines are only half of the story: Accessibility problems encountered by blind users on the web. In proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on human factors in computing systems (pp. 433-442). New York: Association for Computing Machinery. DOI: 10.1145/2207676.2207736
Poore-Pariseau, C. (2013). Universal Design in assessments. In S. Burgstahler (Ed.), Universal design in higher education: Promising practices. Seattle: DO-IT, University of Washington. Retrieved from www. uw.edu/doit/UDHE-promising-practices/ud_assessments.html
Raue, K., Lewis, L., & Coopersmith, J. (2011). Students with disabilities at degree-granting postsecondary institutions. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2011 (NCES 2011-018). Retrieved from https://nces.ed.gov/pubs2011/2011018.pdf
Rao, K. (2013). Universal instructional design of online courses: Strategies to support non-traditional learners in postsecondary environments. In S. Burgstahler (Ed.), Universal design in higher education: Promising practices. Seattle: DO-IT, University of Washington. Retrieved from www.uw.edu/doit/UDHEpromising-practices/uid_online.html
Rosenthal, D. (2016, April 28). Are your LibGuides 2.0 (images, tables, & videos) mobile friendly? Maybe not, and here’s what you can do about it. Retrieved from http://acrl.ala.org/techconnect/post/are-your-libguides-2-0-images-tables-videos-mobile-friendly-maybe-not-and-heres-what-you-can-do-about-it
Seale, J. K. (2014). E-learning and disability in higher education (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.
Solovieva, T. I., & Bock, J. M. (2014). Monitoring for accessibility and university web sites: Meeting the needs of people with disabilities. Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 27, 113–127. Retrieved from http://www.ahead.org/publications/jped
Southwell, K. L., & Slater, J. (2013). An evaluation of finding aid accessibility for screen readers. Information Technology and Libraries, 32(3), 34–46. DOI: 10.6017/ital.v32i3.3423
U.S. Department of Education. (2014a). U.S. Education Department reaches agreement with Youngstown State University to ensure equal access to its web sites for individuals with disabilities [Press release]. Retrieved from http://www.ed.gov/news/press-releases/us-education-department-reaches-agreement-youngstown-state-university-ensure-equ
U.S. Department of Education. (2014b). University of Cincinnati, U.S. Education Department reach agreement to ensure equal access to UC's web sites for individuals with disabilities [Press release]. Retrieved from http://www.ed.gov/news/press-releases/university-cincinnati-us-education-department-reach-agreement-ensure-equal-acces
U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2016). Fast facts: Students with disabilities. Digest of Education Statistics, 2014 (NCES 2016-006). Retrieved from https://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=60
U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2014a). Table 311.10: Number and percentage distribution of students enrolled in postsecondary institutions, by level, disability status, and selected student characteristics: 2007-08 and 2011-12. In U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (Ed.), Digest of Education Statistics. Retrieved from http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d14/tables/dt14_311.10.asp
U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2014b). Table 311.22: Number and percentage of undergraduate students taking distance education or online classes and degree programs, by selected characteristics: Selected years, 2003-04 through 2011-12. In U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (Ed.), Digest of Education Statistics. Retrieved from http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d15/tables/dt15_311.22.asp
U.S. Department of Justice. (2016). Miami University agrees to overhaul critical technologies to settle disabilities discrimination lawsuit [Press release]. Retrieved from http://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/miami-university-agrees-overhaul-critical-technologies-settle-disability-discrimination
Vojtech, R. (2016). Digital barriers in educating students with visual impairment. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 217, 935-940. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.02.058
Web Accessibility In Mind. (2017). WebAIM: Site evaluation and reporting. Retrieved from http://webaim.org/services/evaluation/
World Wide Web Consortium. (2016). Web content accessibility guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 – Understanding conformance requirements. Retrieved from https://www.w3.org/TR/UNDERSTANDING-WCAG20/conformance.html
World Wide Web Consortium. (2008). Web content accessibility guidelines (WCAG) 2.0. Retrieved from http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20/
How to Cite
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share or adapt the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. Use of the work for commercial purposes are not allowed.
- Authors are able to publish the journal's published version of the work in other media (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as far as they inform the Journal of Accessibility and Design for All of that fact. When publishing their work in other sources, authors must mention the name of the Journal of Accessibility and Design for All, its ISSN, the number and issue in which the article was published and a link to the main page of the Journal of Accessibility and Design for All. Optionally, they can also include a link to the article published in the Journal of Accessibility and Design for All.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website), as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.